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Towards green core components for the hydrogen economy (GreenCore)

The Project

Bando PRIN 2022
Piano Nazionale di Ripresa e Resilienza a titolarità del Ministero dell’Università e della Ricerca, la misura M4C2
Investimento 1.1 “Fondo per il Programma Nazionale Ricerca (PNR) e progetti di Ricerca di Rilevante Interesse Nazionale (PRIN) CUP: E53D23001030006; CUP: J53D23000910006

Brief description of the project

Fuel cells will have a crucial role in a more sustainable and green economy, to produce the energy by renewable sources and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Anion exchange membranes fuel cell (AEMFC) have significant potential advantages with respect to other FC technologies. However, a more sustainable FC, to obtain not only environmental benefits for the production of renewable energy, must move towards sustainable materials with a composition of abundant and easily accessible elements, and with production possibilities based on renewable raw materials.
The main objective of GreenCore is to set-up a sound approach to the development of core components of eco-friendly AEMFC, exploiting biomass resources, employing green technologies, and finding alternative greener materials.


Realizing the core components of an anionic exchange membrane fuel cell (membranes and electrodes) by exploiting biomass resources with innovative green chemistry.
The compliance with the green chemistry guidelines will ensure that the targeted products are genuinely sustainable since it implies optimizing processing and product design to avoid waste and inadvertent environmental damage, besides replacing unsustainable feedstocks.

core components green Core

Environmental impact

GreenCore will fully address the principle of DNSH since it focuses on green and sustainable methodologies to hydrogen production. The climate change we have been facing in recent years has led to a growing awareness of man-made damage and its consequences for future generations. One of the main causes of the increase in global average temperatures is due to the greenhouse gas, which is mostly generated by the combustion of fossil energy carriers. The production and use of clean energy is then mandatory (Paris Agreement in 2015 and COP27 2022 Egypt). In agreement with Europe’s climate change mitigation targets, hydrogen has a strategic importance in the development of a low-emission, environmentally friendly, and more sustainable energy system.

Anionic exchange membrane fuel cells (AEMFC) seem very promising because they allow low or zero PGM levels. However, considering the current state-of-the-art and the low level of technological readiness (TRL) for AEMFC, there is significant potential to improve production emissions, as the development of the technology will lead to less material intensity and cleaner production routes. In this context, the GreenCore project can make a contribution linked to sustainability and environmental protection.

Scientific and technological impacts

Proof-of-concept of “fully green” fuel cell technology.

With this research project, we are promoting a symbiosis between a green energy source and green chemistry, that efficiently uses renewable raw materials, minimizing waste and avoiding the use of toxic and hazardous substances in the design-manufacturing-application of chemicals or materials.

Social impacts

  • The Italian “Hydrogen Strategy” sets a medium and a long-term objective, according to which the national energy consumption is expected to consist of 2% hydrogen by 2030 and 20% by 2050. It can be assumed that the demand for FC will increase dramatically in the future, along with the need for CRM for their production. With this project, we are providing a contribution towards ensuring that FC can be manufactured in high volumes in a resource-efficient, green and cost-effective manner
  • Improve public perception of the scientific and societal impact of new technologies by a coherent communication strategy of outcomes, and promoting green technologies-related education and training programmes


workplan Green Core

Public documents

The Team


Assunta Marrocchi


Oriana Piermatti

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